Medium Religion 宗教媒介

[2008/11/24 16:36 | 分类: Articles | by lizhenhua ]
宗教媒介

ZKM (德国媒体艺术中心)|当代艺术博物馆
展览:2008年11月23日–2009年4月19日
新闻发布会:2008年11月22日,晚上7点, -时间调整为-晚上6点,ZKM_Foyer

Medium Religion

ZKM | Museum of Contemporary Art
Exhibition: Nov 23rd, 2008–April 19th, 2009
Opening: Nov 22nd, 2008, 7 p.m., - altered time - 6 p.m. ZKM_Foyer


现在人们主要利用影像来进行宗教运动,这些影像能在一瞬之间借助当代大众传媒而传遍全世界。由于图片、视频和电视等电子媒体能被迅速地制作和传播,它们已成为宗教宣传所选择的媒体。目前人们所谈论的“宗教回归”并不意味着如今对宗教虔诚的人变得更多了。相反,它意味着宗教已经走出个人信仰的私人领域,进到视觉传播的公共领域。在这个意义上,一方面,宗教的功能就是像机器一样重复,利用大众媒体传播机械制造的影像。

Today's religious movements operate predominantly with images that can be spread across the entire world in a flash by means of contemporary mass media. The electronic picture media video and television have become the chosen media for religious propaganda as they are capable of being produced and distributed especially fast. The "return of religions" that people are currently talking about does not necessarily mean that more people have become religious nowadays. Instead, religions have moved from the private sphere of personal belief out into the public sphere of visual communication. In this, religions function, for one, as machines for the repetition and mass medial distribution of mechanically produced images.

另一方面,这种重复的行为榜样体现在宗教仪式的可重复性,这种可重复性也是所有衍生的媒体复制技术的基础。宗教最初使用的媒介是经文和书籍,这些媒介被赋予了传播信仰的相同功能。此外,文本被用于宣布信仰为圣。没有写作,就没有教堂;没有经卷,也就没有信仰。因此,从一开始,通过宗教仪式所包含的对可重复性的需求,宗教不仅走向了媒体,而且它本身就是一种媒介:宗教的媒介属性补充了媒体的宗教属性。

For another, the role model for this repetition is found in the repeatability of religious rituals, which is the foundation for the emergence of all subsequent medial reproduction technologies. The original media used by religions were scriptures and books, assigned the same task of distributing belief. Text served, additionally, to canonize belief. Without writing there is no church; without scrolls, no belief. Thus, right from the start, through the demand for repeatability embodied by the ritual, religion was not only bound to media, but was itself a medium: religion as medium complements media as religion.

这次媒介宗教展览旨在利用现有的宗教宣传影片和当代艺术家作品,展示宗教的媒介属性。通过电子媒体的发展,宗教的范围被极大地扩展了。简单的信息记录(例如视频短信)、能快速传播并覆盖全球的大型媒体(例如电视、互联网),为宗教再次进入公众意识提供了技术基础。由于宗教利用大众媒体(例如转播罗马的教皇弥撒),而大众媒体构成了公众意识,因此宗教被更多地转向公众意识是唯一合乎逻辑的结论。其结果是对不同信仰及其信息的重新评估。

The exhibition Medium Religion aims at demonstrating this medial aspect of religion using current examples of religious video propaganda and the work of contemporary artists. The horizons of religion have expanded enormously through the development of electronic media. The uncomplicated recording of the message (e.g., the video message), the rapid distribution, and huge, nearly global scope (e.g., television, Internet), offered a technological base for religions’ reentry into public awareness. Since the mass media constitute public awareness and religion makes use of mass media (e.g., the broadcast of the Papal mass from Rome), it is only logical that it, too, will shift more into public awareness. The result is the reevaluation of minority faiths and their messages.

除此之外,我们将展出宗教崇拜式恐怖分子的自杀性宣告,以新教派和信仰团体为主题的宗教宣传电视连续剧和纪录片。跟这些纪录片资料一起展出的艺术家作品,主要来自于对应的宗教运动下相同的文化圈。从自身的文化角度来看,大多数艺术家与宗教仪式、图片和文本的关系,既不是肯定的也不是批判的,而是亵渎的。他们把宗教象征主义放在一个非传统的范围内,以挑起不同的认知模式。由此产生了对不同的宗教意象及其向文化现代性转化的批判性分析。

Shown will be, among other things, suicide confessions from religiously inspired terrorists, religious propaganda TV series, and documentaries on new religious sects and faith communities. The artistic works that are shown along with this documentary material come mainly from the same cultural circles as the corresponding religious movements. The relationship of most of the artists to religious rituals, images, and texts from their own culture is neither affirmative nor critical, but instead, blasphemous. They place religious symbolism in an unconventional context in order to provoke a different mode of perception. This enables a critical analysis of the respective religious iconography as well as its transfer to a cultural modernity.

死亡在展览中被主题化为宗教的最原始和基本的论题——事实上,死亡是政治、艺术或私人殉难的结果,这主要表现在它对世俗现代性的政治意识有着重要作用。本展览通过作品展现了这些民间宗教意像如何被仪式化,如何被艺术地表现以及这是如何发生的。

Death is thematized in the exhibition as religion's most primal and basic topic—and, indeed, death as the result of political, artistic, or private martyrdom, much in the way it plays a central role in the political awareness of secular modernity. Through examples, the exhibition shows how the iconography of these civil religions is ritualized and artistically represented and how it works.

这次媒介宗教展览使我们全面深入地了解媒体复制和宗教的意义,特别表现在一些地缘政治热点地区,如中东、亚洲、俄罗斯、美国和南美洲。许多展品是首次在德国展出,它们是已经被专门研究过的作品,或是为此次展览而创造的新作品。
对主题具有学术贡献的文件集和展览文献将与本项目一起出版。

The exhibition Medium Religion thus provides comprehensive insight into the medial reproduction and significance of religion, in particular, its manifestations in geopolitical hotspots, such as the Middle East, Asia, Russia, the U.S., and South America. Many exhibits are being shown for the first time in Germany and have been specially researched or newly produced for the exhibition.
Published in conjunction with the project will be a volume with scholarly contributions on the topic and documentation of the exhibition.

参展艺术家[其他] Participating artists [among others]
Adel Abdessemed, Oreet Ashery, Maja Bajevic, Peter Bogers, Christoph Büchel, Paul Chan, Susana Pilar Delahante Matienzo, Wim Delvoye, Dias & Riedweg, Valie Export, Ingrid und Oswald Wiener, Omer Fast, Barbad Golshiri, Boris Groys, IRWIN, Kajri Jain, Romuald Karmakar, Vitaly Komar, Maxim Kononenko, Beryl Korot and Steve Reich, Korpys/L?ffler, Alexander Kosolapov, Florian Meyer, Rabih Mroué, Dorcas Müller, Sang-Kyoon Noh, Anand Patwardhan, Nira Pereg, 黃永砯Huang Yong Ping, robotlab, Osvaldo Romberg, Dorna Safaian, Anri Sala, Günter Saree, Konrad Balder Sch?uffelen, Christoph Schlingensief, Gregor Schneider, Michael Schuster, Wael Shawky, Joshua Simon, Jalal Toufic, Vadim Zakharov, Hermes Zygott

策展人Curated by Boris Groys and Peter Weibel


周日,2008年11月30日
漫谈沙龙-宗教媒介
ZKM_Media剧场,下午4点,免费入场
Boris Groys, Peter Weibel和嘉宾将根据媒介宗教的主题进行公共讨论。在Jackson Pollock酒吧和Südwestrundfunk (SWR 2)的合作下完成。

Sun, Nov 30th, 2008
The Discursive Salon - Medium Religion
ZKM_Media Theater, 4 pm, admission free
Public podium discussion on the theme of Medium Religion with Boris Groys, Peter Weibel and guests. Produced in collaboration with the Jackson Pollock Bar and Südwestrundfunk (SWR 2).

翻译:丁燕萍 (www.bjartlab.com)
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